MEXICO


Mexico is in North America, bordering the north with the United States, and south with Guatemala and Belize. According to the figures of the INEGI (National Institute of Statistics and Geography of 2015), Mexico has a population of 119,938,473 inhabitants, of which 48.6% are men. Specifically, in Mexico there are 15,069,930 (12.6%) young men, that is, between 15 and 29 years old of age, according to the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy, despite being the 15th economic power in the world, 41.9% of the population lives in poverty, and 7.4% in conditions of extreme poverty, that is to say almost half of the population, in addition, 20.2% do not have access to health services.


The reality of the LGBTI + community in Mexico is not very different from the rest of Latin America, being victim of discrimination by society and public policy. The National Survey on Discrimination (ENADIS 2017) shows that 32% of the population would not rent a room in their home to a gay or lesbian person, 36% to a person living with HIV and 37% would not to a trans person. Not surprisingly, according to the same survey, 30.1% of the LGBTI+ population in Mexico declared had been discriminated in the last 12 months, and 41.8% said that in the last year they were denied any of their rights by their sexual orientation.

Related to violence and persecution towards the community, Mexico is the second country with the highest rate of homophobia crimes in Latin America. Between 2012 and 2018 there were at least 473 murders of people of sexual diversity (6.5 homicides per month), with trans women being the most affected population, followed by gay men. At least 60% of the victims had signs of torture. In relation to human rights violations by the State, the Special Report of the National Human Rights Commission on Violations of Human Rights and Crimes Committed by Homophobia, mentions that local security forces are primarily responsible, followed by the authorities and personnel of the detention centers, and the agencies of the Public Ministry.

Nevertheless, Mexico has some legal provisions for the protection of the LGBTI + community. In 2011, a reform of the Constitution in the first article explicitly includes sexual preference for prohibitions on discrimination. Discrimination based on sexual orientation is criminalized in the criminal codes of seven states of the republic. In the same way, in 2008 the Social Security Law and the Law of the Institute of Security and Social Services of State Workers were reformed, to recognize the rights of same-sex couples. Finally, in 2003 the Federal Law to Prevent and Eliminate Discrimination was established.

In 2015, the Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation gave an unconstitutional ruling to the laws that limit the marriage union to exclusively a man and a woman, being discriminatory. Following this, eleven states recognize, in their civil or family code, equal marriage.


In Mexico, there are 164,657 people living with HIV / AIDS, in 2018, 16,755 new cases were presented. According to data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography, 84.9% of AIDS cases, and 84.1% of HIV in Mexico in 2018 were to men, so it is the group where the epidemic is focused.

The ages with the highest percentages of AIDS cases in men are between 25 and 39 years old. In Mexico, the prevalence is in MSM, sex workers, and injecting drug users. It is estimated that in Mexico the prevalence of HIV in MSM varies between 10 and 15%, although it is estimated that in transgender women it is 17%. It is estimated that in Mexico only 39.8% of MSM have been tested and know their result, in contrast to the population of transgender women and sex workers that amounts to 65.8%. More than 52% of new HIV cases occur in the MSM population.

With respect to the legal framework for the protection of people living with HIV in Mexico, in the General Health Law, the third article establishes that the Health Ministry and local governments must carry out activities for the prevention of communicable diseases, including HIV. Finally, the Official Mexican Standard for the Prevention and Control of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection, seeks to standardize HIV prevention and control activities.

With respect to the provision of services, the State guarantees Antiretroviral Treatment to all people, whether they have social security or not. Until the beginning of 2019, there was a strategy of public financing for organizations of the society, which provided services and the implementation of projects for the combined prevention of HIV and STD, until their cancellation by the current government.


Delegate, GayLatino Mexico: Carlxs López López (socioanalista@gmail.com)

Collaborator Organizations of GayLatino in Mexico:

Coalición Mexicana LGBTTTI+

https://www.facebook.com/mexicolgbttti/

mexicolgbttti@gmail.com

Movimiento Nacional de Lucha contra el VIH/Sida

https://www.facebook.com/Movimiento-Nacional-de-Lucha-contra-el-VIH-379970289278612/?ref=nf&hc_ref=ARRKqs94OwSXGNONH9K3OeUQreT9nFxPsZInKl3tlJhM1wyIXULC4TuBRgEQOpD9iio

NSWP (https://www.nswp.org/es)

RedLacTrans (http://redlactrans.org / info@redlactrans.org)