ECUADOR


Ecuador is in the northwestern part of South America, it borders to the north with Colombia, to the south and east with Peru. To the west it has coasts in the Pacific Ocean. Ecuador has 4 natural regions: Costa, Sierra (Interandina), Oriental (Amazonian) and Insular (Galapagos). The capital is Quito, the first city declared a cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO in 1978. It is a presidential republic.

It has a population of 17,096,789 thousand (2018), in total, 50.02% are women and 49.98% men. The young population between 18 and 29 years old is 21% of the total population, that is approximately 3,043,513 young people, with a population density of 65 of inhabitants per km2.


At the official level, there is a research about the situation of the LGBTI + population carried out by the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses. To access click here.

Ecuador has some regulations that protect the LGBTI + community:

● The Constitution of Ecuador approved in 2008 has several articles such as:

○ Article 11, numeral 2, which prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, having HIV.

○ Article 19 prohibiting discrimination in the media.

○ Article 66 numeral 9, that guarantees free and informed decisions about sexual orientation.

○ Article 66 that recognizes families in their different types

○ Article 68 that recognizes de fact unions

○ Article 424, which declares that the Constitution and international treaties ratified by Ecuador prevail over any other regulation.

● The Integral Criminal Code sanctions crimes of discrimination (Article 176) and hate (Article 177).

● There is fact union since 2008, and those registered at the notary since 2009. Equal marriage was approved in 2019.

● With Judgment of June 12, 2018, the Constitutional Court based on the case of consultation of Efraín Soria and Javier Benalcazar approves access to marriage to same-sex people.

● Ecuador does not have a law against discrimination.


The HIV situation in Ecuador, as in the rest of Latin America, presents an epidemic concentrated in MSM, with a prevalence of 16% in Quito and 11% in Guayaquil. There is no overall country data in general.

In Ecuador, there are no HIV prevention policies aimed at our population. The Ministry of Public Health has made a great investment in the HIV attention, but the State in general has been negligent in the field of prevention. Although gay men and the LGBTI community enjoy equality in formal terms, the real equality, on daily life of the community still presents a very large gap, which encourages a high level of secrecy about sexual intercourse and a non-existent investment in prevention.

In Ecuador, all people with a positive HIV diagnosis can access to health services and get their antiretroviral treatment.

Regarding HIV, Ecuador has regulations that protect people living with HIV, but the reality is still very different. There is a great misinformation on the subject in citizenship, which leads to maintaining even 30 years after the epidemic was discovered, the same myths, taboos and stereotypes in relation to HIV and people affected by the virus.

Unfortunately, the rights protection system has not guaranteed the enjoyment of these for the PVV, there are no education programs in the education system, there are companies that still apply HIV testing to applicants for a job, a fact that is prohibited by Constitution.

Medical care for people with HIV is where there is the greatest investment, however, efforts are still not enough: access to the test and a timely diagnosis are not available, the context of stigma and discrimination is so high that people who live with HIV cannot confront their health condition. Laws that protect people with HIV in the country are only on paper: protection policies and true social inclusion are needed.

Regarding HIV care, the Ecuadorian State has made its best efforts to guarantee access to medical care and treatment of ARVs for PVV. Ecuador invests about 25 million US dollars for attention. However, in prevention, the efforts of the State are deficient and, in some cases, nonexistent: the only campaigns on prevention issues have been directed at pregnant women, where the prevalence is 0.40%. Access to inputs such as condoms, lubricants, PrEP (pre-exposure prophylaxis) or PEP (post exposure prophylaxis) are scarce. There are no education and awareness programs.


Collaborator Organization of GayLatino:

FUNDACIÓN ECUATORIANA EQUIDAD

Contact: EFRAÍN SORIA ALBA

AV 6 DE DICIEMBRE N 24 253 AND LIZARDO GARCIA

Telephone: 593 2 22 22 385 - 593 996671112

Email: coordinacion@fequdiadecuador.org y sitio web. www.fequidadecuador.org