The Republic of Cuba is an archipelago formed by more than 1,600 islands, islets and cays, being Cuba the largest; It is also made up of four island groups. The surface area of ​​the Cuban archipelago is 109,884.01 square kilometers. Its population is settled in the islands of Cuba and the Youth, the rest of the archipelago is almost depopulated with exception of the tourist centers, that are in some cays.

The Cuban population, at the end of 2018, was 11.209.628 people with a slight majority of women (5.633.640 women versus 5.575.988 men) for a ratio of 990 men per thousand women. Data from the National Bureau of Statistics and Information indicates that the population between 15 and 29 years old is 2.164.346. In this group the proportion is 1.062 men per 1.000 women, with values ​​of 1.115.207 and 1.049.139 respectively.

The Constitution of the Republic, amended in 2019 after a popular consultation process, states that “All persons are equal before the law, receive the same protection and treatment from the authorities and enjoy the same rights, freedoms and opportunities, without any discrimination based on sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, ethnicity, skin color, religious belief, disability, national or territorial origin, or any other personal condition or circumstance that implies a detrimental distinction to human dignity . Everyone has the right to enjoy the same public spaces and service establishments”

Currently there is no equal marriage but, due to changes in the constitution, the entire legal body is being revised to adapt it to the text of the Magna Cart. Among others, the Family Code is being drafted.

Since 2008, it is celebrated the "Cuban Days Against Homophobia and Transphobia", organized by the National Government Center for Sex Education. They take place in May, in remembrance of the day that homosexuality was removed from psychiatric manuals as a mental illness.

Although every year, as part of the conference, a march was held in the capital and almost all the provinces of the country go to the claim of LGBTI+ people rights, in 2019 it was not authorized. In response, independent LGBTI + groups called for an "alternative march" that was not authorized but was held on May 11 along Prado Street, one of the arteries of Old Havana. Although the march was made without incident, at the end there were altercations between law enforcement and activists who protested against government, with the balance of three people arrested.

Although there are no official figures, the LGBTI + population, especially trans people, frequently make denounces related with bullying and mistreatment that they suffer at socialization places.

According to Prevention Indicators of HIV / AIDS Infection Survey of 2017, the number of MSM between 12 and 49 years old is estimated at 279,531 people, being 9.4% of Cuban men in that age range. Six out of 10 (64.1%) are bisexual and 4.4% practice commercial sex.

About 25,494 people lived with the HIV virus in Cuba at the end of 2018, when more than 2,200 new cases of the infection were detected on the island. 80% of those diagnosed (20,446) are men and the rest (5,048) women. Of the total of people with the virus around 86% are MSM.