Colombia is in the northwestern part of South America, on land and sea borders with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica and Panama, with exit to two seas the Caribbean and the Pacific Ocean.
The population of Colombia is mostly of mixed race. With a little more than 48 million citizens, 49% are mestizos, 37% white, 10.6% Afro, and 3.4% indigenous. According to the National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE) 51.2% are women and 48. 8 men.
Colombia is the 40th economy by volume of GDP. Its public debt in 2017 was 137,448 million of euros, with a debt of 49.78% of GDP. Its per capita debt is € 2,788 per capita.
According to the report of LGBT Human Rights of Colombia Diversa, in 2015, 110 LGBT people were killed. The victims of homicide were mainly gay men and trans people. 95% of the crimes remains in impunity.
In Colombia, according to the same report, LGBT people are especially vulnerable to confront torture, bad treat and extrajudicial executions when they are in state custody.
Since 2014, death threats to LGBT people increased by 50%. The mayor number of threats was in departments with a strong presence of groups outside the law and criminal gangs. In these contexts, LGBT people are particularly affected because armed groups use social control tactics that reproduce prejudices and stereotypes about this population.
Threats forced displacement, and homicides are the victimizing events that have most affected LGBT people in the context of the armed conflict.
HIV / AIDS epidemic in Colombia remains concentrated in populations of greater vulnerability, particularly in MSM and in transgender women.
During 2014, 10,094 people with HIV / AIDS were notified, of which 74.43% were men and 25.57% were women. Of the total of these cases, 98.9% are to sexual transmission and, according to the age group, the most affected population group in 2014 was the 25 to 34 year old group, with 34.11% of the total number of people notified, followed by the group of 15 to 24 years old, with 22.13%.
Due to this situation, the country has committed by 2020, with goals 90-90-90, which means that at least 90% of the estimated cases must be diagnosed in order to put at least one 90% of the same principles in treatment and achieve a decrease in viral load in at least 90% of them.
With the fulfillment of these goals, not only will the quality and life expectancy of infected people be improved, also the HIV transmission chain will be cut. Therefore, today, we use the combined prevention, where the condom is still the most effective tool to prevent the transmission of the virus. But if we add the fact that people who are living with the virus is early diagnosed, promptly and frequently treated, the probability to transmit the infection can be significantly reduced and it will enhance the preventive action.
Colombia has the 1543 decree that regulates the management of infection by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted infections.
The High Cost Account launched the book, “Situation of HIV / AIDS in Colombia 2018”, which the current scenario of this disease in the country is analyzed. An open access document that also gives clues about how to concentrate and treat HIV cases in Colombia.
According to the report, for the 2018 year in Colombia, 95,745 cases of HIV were reported, of which 78,228 used antiretroviral therapy (82%) and of these 50,373 suffered viral suppression (64%). An indicator that assumes that greater efforts must still be made to reach the g90-90-90 goal stablished by ONUSIDA by 2030.
The State provides free services and / or medications for people who live with HIV legally resident in Colombia. In fact, there are still shortages and delays in services, but it is part of the exercise of the Colombian Health System, that is handled very differently from the rest of the region. In some cities, the Global Fund project is implemented, but Colombia does not currently have a visible national prevention campaign. It is made at the municipal level or by civil society with work on HIV.
It should be noticed that in June 2019, the country decriminalized the transmission of HIV. The Constitutional Court of Colombia removes articles of the Criminal Code, that criminalized the transmission of the virus, arguing that this is discrimination and it does not contribute to public health objectives.
Delegates for GayLatino
Jorge Pacheco Cabrales
Organization: Liga Colombiana de lucha contra el Sida – LIGASIDA
Bogotá - Colombia
Oswaldo Adolfo Rada Londoño
Organization: Mecanismo social de apoyo y control en VIH – MSCAVCO
Cali - Colombia