Chile is in South America facing the Pacific Ocean. It borders with Argentina and Bolivia. It is considered a developing and high-income country, by the GDP per capita is USD 27.000. Since 2005 it maintains the most highly per capita of the region.
It has 17.574.003 of inhabitants according to 2017 Census. Men are 8.601.989 and women 8.972.014. 43 % of the population is minor than 30 years. The population between 15 and 29 is 24,3 % of the total, it means, 4.262.916. Of this population, 36 % is mostly concentrate in the range between 20 to 24 years old, reaching 1.528.692 people.
Chile is a country that has huge debts with LGBTI population and with human rights in general. In part, its conservative structure - until recently, very attached to Catholicism- made that rights for women, LGBTI+ people and more will be long delayed. An unusual example is the delay with the divorce law was approved, sanctioned just in 2000. A similar case occurred with the Law that decriminalized the “sodomy crime”, promulgated just in 1999.
With the falling popularity of the Catholic Church (its approval reach to 14 % in the country according to 2019 surveys), and the resurge of powerful social movements, the culture of the country was going since conservative to liberal. This explains, for example, that in 2012 was approved the 20.609 Law that establishes actions against discrimination, in 2015 the 20.830 Law that creates the civil union, and in 2018 the 21.120 Law that recognizes and provides protection to gender identity law.
In May 17, 2019, the National Prosecutor launched the Observatory against violence towards LGBTI people to record and monitoring cases related with sexual orientation and gender identity.
Law against discrimination: 20.609 law better known as the unofficial name "Zamudio Law", because it was approved after the crime against the young Daniel Zamudio, has as its main objective the establishment of a judicial mechanism that allows to efficiently restore of the rule of law, whenever an arbitrary act of discrimination is committed, establishing a judicial procedure and sanctioning in the event of commission of such an act.
Chile does not have equal marriage. It has the Civil Union Law, approved by the Michelle Bachelet government. The civil union accordance is a contract celebrated between 2 people which are sharing a home, with the proposal to regulate the juridical effects of the affective life in common, of permanent and stable character. The contracting parties are called civilians and it will be considered family members by the Civil Code. The finishing of this accordance restitutes to the contracting parties the civil state that they have before that celebrate this contract. However, there are a lot of law projects of equal marriage but without support of the current Executive Power yet.
In Chile HIV is an epidemy concentrated in the men gay and MSM population. 85 % is concentrated in men, 70% of them declare have had sex with other men. The epidemy is of sexual character in 99 %. The prevalence is 0,5 in the general population, but it occurs between 17 and 21 in the population of gay men and MSM.
In the last quinquennium the HIV/AIDS cases were increased meaningfully in all age groups, with a strong increase in MSM youngers between 20 to 29 years old that today is the main detected group, followed by a group of 30 to 39 years old.
The mortality rate currently is 3.1. 87 % of dead people are men.
Law of AIDS N° 19.779 has the aim to education, health promotion, prevention, diagnosis, epidemiology vigilance, the attention and researching about the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS, moreover, the Law guarantees the confidentiality and non-discrimination to people who live with HIV. The Law was complemented with a series of protocols and subsequent regulations, the most recently of them, that regulates the visual test (fast test) of 2018.
Every people who lives in Chile and lives with HIV can receive treatment, this include to migrants living in the country. According to this law, the State provides services and medicine to people. The financing is guaranteed and already is part of the Explicit Guarantees in Health (GES). Medicine are provided for free to the users of the public system and with a copayment in the private system.
Pending Challenges to Chile
The HIV transmission rate is the highest of Latin-America (34% of increment in 8 years, according to ONUSIDA).
Institutional weakness for the defense of LGBT people, whose rights continue being violated in different areas of society. Spite of the Anti-discrimination law constrain to the state bodies to create conditions for non-discrimination, there are not high efforts to institutionalize the fight against the vulnerating that diverse population suffer.
Inexistence of equal marriage.
Inexistence of norms to adoption by LGBTI people or regulation of co-parentality.
Representative Organization of GayLatino in Chile:
País para todos.
Councilor by Providencia.