Officially, the country is named Federative Republic of Brazil, is in South America, embracing the half of the oriental subcontinent and some groups of small islands of the Atlantic Ocean. Its capital is Brasilia and it is the fifth bigger country of the world, with a surface equivalent of 47% of the south American territory.
Its government system is governed by a Federative Presidential Republic. Moreover, its official language is Portuguese, although the 2010 Census counted 305 indigenous ethnicities that speak 274 different languages.
It is highlighted by its great riches in wildlife, vegetation and ecosystems, especially by the Amazon jungle, that covers 3,6 million of km² of the territory. Thanks to the biodiversity, it is one of the countries with most animals’ species in the world.
In relation with its Economics, in accordance with the World Bank, between 2003 and 2014 experimented an economic and social progress phase, in that more than 29 million of people leave the poverty and the inequality decreased meaningfully. However, since 2015 the rhythm of poverty and inequality reduction stopped, going through a period of strong recession.
Currently, its population is 210,1 million of people, according to data of the National Survey of Continuous Household Sample 2018, composed by 48,3 % of men and 51,7 by women.
According to information provided by the GGB (Gay Group of Bahía) and the website Who Homophobia Killed Today, every 20 hours a LGBTI+ people is killed or commit suicide in Brazil, victim of lgbtiphobia. In 2018, 45,5% of these people were homosexual men, 39% transgender people, 12,4 lesbian women and 1,9 bisexual women.
Despite this worrying numbers, that locate Brazil as one of the countries where most hate crimes against LGBTI+ people are committed, the current government was breaking some important policies for the community, for example, removing the National LGBTI Council, erasing investments and weakening initiatives.
However, the LGBTI+ population has the guarantee of some fundamental rights promulgated by the Supreme Federal Trial (STF) and some decrees of previous executive governments, such as:
The equal civil marriage, in accordance with the N° 175 Resolution of the National Council of Justice, from May 14, 2013.
The right to adoption by same-sex couples without discrimination, in March 2015, by the Supreme Court.
The authorization to trans people for change name and gender in their register documents, without need of surgery or psychological advisory, promulgated in August 2018, by the Supreme Court.
The criminalization of lgbtiphobia (homophobia and transphobia) equivalent with racism, by the Supreme Court un June 2019.
Some presidential decrees also provide some rights to LGBTI+ people, such as:
The right of social names for transgender people in Brazil schools, promulgated in January 2018 by the Education Ministry.
The National Integral LGBTI+ Health Policy, of the Health Ministry, promulgated in December 2011.
According to a survey asked by the Health Ministry of Brazil in 2018, the HIV cases between young homosexuals of 15 to 19 years old were tripled in 10 years, while between youngers from 20 to 24 years old have doubled. The general result between homosexual men was 18,4% (an average of 1 to 5).
The research also mentions a series of reasons before the increasingly incidence of HIV in the country. One of these is the removing of prevention campaigns directed to gay public. In addition, the loss of funds of non-governmental organizations, that causes the closure of several of them. In the public sphere, conservative groups were strengthened, with the BBB benches (bullet, ox and bible), situation that undermines the inclusion of sexuality and gender subjects in the agenda and reduces the support to policies directed to gay universe.
On the other hand, prejudices towards people who live with HIV/AIDS in Brazil continue being very high, always related with stereotypes of the past and the lack of information about the progress of the treatment.
Moreover, the adherence to the treatment confront a lot of barriers, including internalized prejudices, for example, when a person discover that is a carrier of the virus and is in a vulnerable situation, social or psychologist.
About legislation, it is mentioned the Federal Law 12.984/2014 that bans discrimination against people with HIV or AIDS, including with punishments with until 4 years of prison.
Despite the worrying epidemic situation of key populations, particularly in gay men and MSM, Brazil has some advanced prevention policies, such as PEP, PREP, male and female condoms distribution, and fast test of HIV.
The principal challenges are that these public prevention policies reach the whole national territory, especially key population that generally do not reach, due to the lack of specific campaigns that were decreased even more, by the prejudice and fundamentalism.
Finally, HIV/AIDS treatment in Brazil is free, through the Unique Health System for all the people. Also, it is guaranteed the access with the proposal of achieve that people become undetectable.
Alianza Nacional LGBTI