Belize is an independent and sovereign country, located in the northeast cost of Central America. It is borders with Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and Guatemala. It has a total population of 408.487 of inhabitants with 204,247 men and 204.240 women, according to 2019 projections of Statistical Institute of Belize.
In 2019 the GDP was USD 1.925 millions and GDP per capita was USD 5.025.
Since 2016, it is not illegal maintaining sexual intercourses with same-sex people. It does not exist equal marriage and relations between same-sex people are not recognized by law.
Belize has a discriminatory population:
1958 Migration Law revised in 2000 bans the entry of LGBTI people and sexual workers.
The Penal Code criminalize people who live with HIV by virus transmission.
It does not exist laws that protect against discrimination to LGBTI people and people who live with HIV.
Men who have sex with other Men have a prevalence of 13,89% (Behavioral surveillance Survey Belize 2014). From the 4373 people who live with the virus, 58 % are diagnosed, 25% are in treatment and 3% are undetectable.
People who live with HIV in Belize are unprotected by law:
It does not exist laws that protect people who live with HIV against discrimination. It does not exist an integral law about HIV/AIDS neither a general law against discrimination nor an emend of laws and pertinent regulations.
It does not exist confidentiality and privacy laws that ban the use and publication not allowed of information related with HIV about people, trough the inclusion of HIV in a general legislation about privacy or the inclusion of this issues in a integral law about HIV and AIDS.
Gay men and trans people suffer different kinds of deny of rights, since physical violence or deny of health right. The range of discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity is difficult to determine due to lack of official reports. The NGO United Belize Advocacy Movement (UniBAM) reported 4 homicides, 1 homicide attempt, a robbery and 17 cases of bullying and physical aggression against youngers by sexual orientation and gender identity motivations, between January and September. According to a survey, UniBAM reported that LGBTI people between 14 and 24 years old are who suffer more violence in the rural communities, especially in the dangerous zones of the country. The executive head of UniBAM, Caleb Orozco, indicated that in this religious communities, frequently the police refused to take reports of the survivors. According to UniBAM, they are also denied to medical services and education for LGBTI people, and they confront violence based on family (Human Rights Report of Belize, 2018, United States Embassy in Belize).
There are not updated data about the stigma and discrimination related to HIV. The Collaborative Network of Persons Living with HIV (C-NET+) are in process to complete the Index of stigma of people who live with HIV.
The treatment is provided for free by the State. The acquisition and purchase of the medicines are made with national funds and it does not depend on external finances. Currently, Belize is working on the test and treatment strategy.
HIV prevention activities and human rights are financed integrally with external donors’ funds, as the Global Fund. Currently, civil society is working on the implementation of a social contract model. In addition, social civil organizations are implementing extension activities, test and prevention that provide a minimum package service to MSM.
Collaborative Network of Persons Living with HIV (C-NET+)
Constituents Persons Living with HIV
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