The Argentinian Republic is placed on the southeast extreme of South America. Its continental American territory, that covers much of the Southern Cone, is integrated by an American sector and another Antarctic.
According to the last census of INDEC (2010) Argentina has a population of 40.117.096 of inhabitants, with a million more of women than the men, a foreigner population in increasement and a reducing of analphabetism. It is estimated that in 2018 year finished with of 44.494.502 inhabitants.
According to the World Bank: “Argentina has a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of approximately US$470 billion, Argentina is one of the largest economies in Latin America. Argentina has vast natural resources in energy and agriculture. Within its 2.8 million square kilometers of territory, Argentina is endowed with extraordinary fertile lands, gas and lithium reserves, and has great potential for renewable energy. It is a leading food producer with large-scale agricultural and livestock industries. In addition, Argentina has significant opportunities in some manufacturing subsectors, and innovative services in high tech industries. Moreover, the economic context continues being volatile. The peso devalued significantly in 2019, annual inflation is over 50% and GDP has contracted 2.5% in 2018, and another 2,5% in the first half of 2019”.
In 2019, 147 hate crimes happened in Argentina, where sexual orientation, gender identity and gender expression of all the victims were used as a discriminatory excuse to violence and to vulnerate rights. This data is not exact – due to only the cases relieved by the media, or entered as denounces in the LGBTI Advocacy in front of FALGBT organizations, or documented by the Trans from Latin-America and Caribbean Documentation and Situation Center (CeDoSTALC), were included- and only allow to see a reality that, without a doubt, is worse than numbers suggest.
From the total of the LGBTI people victims of hate crimes recorded in 2018, the 64% of the cases are of trans women (shemales, transsexuals and transgender), secondly, with the 28% are the gay cis men, thirdly, with the 7%, are the cases of lesbians and finally with the 1% the cases of trans men.
After the democracy return in 1983, laws of the country were changed in favor of the equality and inclusion of the LGBT community, as the public opinion and the social acceptance, that were improved since this date. In 2012, the only laws that criminalized the LGBT sexualities were abolished.
Since July 2010, is in force the Equal Marriage Law that guarantee to same sex couples the same marital rights than the heterosexuals couples, including the adoption right and the recognition without distinction of the same-sex family.
In august 13, 2010, the Chamber of Deputies approved the law emendation against discrimination that ban the discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, but do not was voted by the Senate.
In 2015, the 1507/2015 Resolution of the Health Ministry eliminated the ban to blood donation by the sexual orientation of the people.
The 26.791 Law, promulgated in December 2012, modified the Penal Code adding the perpetual prison punishment to hate crimes motivated by sexual orientation and gender identity or gender expression.
In august 26, 2008, the Argentinian Parliament approved a wide law of military reform. One of the orders of this law allows to gays and lesbian serving on the army and it bans discrimination by sexual orientation in the army forces. The law came into force 6 months later, in February 26, 2009.
The prevalence is 2,5 man for every woman. Between men, the half is infected during sexual intercourse with women and the other half during sexual intercourse with other men. This, adding that more than half of the infected people are not virologically suppressed, because they do not know their diagnosis or because they know it but are not in treatment, or they are but have adherence difficulties.
In the last years it is observed an increasingly tendency, the reasons that explain this fact include sexual behaviors changes, designed drugs use, and especially, the reducing of protection measures in sexual intercourses. The men of middle age groups, 25 to 34 and 35 years old, are that concentrate most of the cases, even it is observed a sustained increasement in the youngers (from 15 to 34 years old) in the last decade. Between men the sexual via concentrate the 98,3% of the total of infected, with a 14 points difference between who acquired the illness by homosexual intercourses. Dividing by ages, we observe that in the younger’s groups (from 15 to 34 years) predominates the sexual transmission without protection by homosexual intercourses.
In relation with antiretrovirals, in the last years “only 25% of the amounts inverted were by public bidding”, reports La Nación.
More information: https://www.argentina.gob.ar/salud/vih-sida/derechos
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